Sedative-hypnotics are sleep medications and they are used for treating insomnia.
Several groups of medications fall into this class and they are prescribed based on the type of insomnia a person is experiencing.
This can lead to withdrawal symptoms if these medicines are taken regularly for longer than a couple of weeks.
In these cases, the benzodiazepine should be withdrawn very gradually rather than being stopped abruptly, to prevent withdrawal symptoms.
Due to their sedating side effects, they help treat both depression and insomnia.
Sedating antidepressants are widely used for insomnia, but are not officially licensed for this indication.
Benzodiazepines bind to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type A receptors.Eszopiclone (Lunesta) – Eszopiclone also stimulates GABA receptors.Eszopiclone shortens the time it takes to fall asleep and increases total sleep time.Gamma-aminobutyric acid is a neurotransmitter that slows the activity of nerves.Benzodiazepines reduce brain activity and cause sleep by increasing the effect of GABA.