This digest does not aim to separate historical fact from later legend.For instance, unlike many earlier Western accounts, no attempt will be made to remove supernatural elements from the narrative in the interest of transforming it into an account that appears plausible by modern historiographical standards.
As a result, some of Muhammad’s followers are forced to seek temporary refuge with the Christian ruler of .
Certain tensions with the Islamic narrative of the Prophet’s life remain, however.
For example, some of the non-Islamic sources present Muhammad as having still been alive when the Arab conquerors invaded to suggest that the basic scaffolding of the traditional Islamic account of Muhammad’s life is unhistorical.
attempts to conquer Mecca and is thwarted by a divine intervention later alluded to in sūrah 105 of the Qurʾān.
Muhammad’s father passes away before his birth, leaving him in the care of his paternal grandfather, ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib.